José María Aznar is the former Prime Minister of Spain (1996-2004). He was born in 1953, in Madrid, Spain.
He earned a Degree in Law from the Complutense University in Madrid. In 1989, following the re-founding of the Partido Popular (PP), he was the PP candidate for President of the Spanish Government (Prime Minister). The following year he was elected Chairman of the party. He once again headed the list of PP candidates in 1993, 1996 and the year 2000. Throughout these four legislatures, he served as a MP for Madrid. Between 1989 and 1996 he was the leader of the Opposition.
He became President of the Spanish Government in 1996. Following the PP´s repeated success in the year 2000, Aznar was elected again. He held the presidency until the elections of 2004, at which he voluntarily stood down in favour of a new candidate. Throughout his time as President of the Government, he led a significant process of economic and social reform. Liberalization and competition policies, budget control, and rational public spending and tax cuts created almost 5 million new jobs.
During Aznar’s time as President, Spain enjoyed its first two reductions in income tax since the advent of democracy. He is the President of FAES (Foundation for Social Studies and Analysis). He is also a Distinguished Scholar at Georgetown University, where he teaches seminars on contemporary European politics at the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service.
He is the Honorary Chairman of the Partido Popular, and Chairman of the Christian Democrat and People’s Parties International (CDI).