Alfred Spiro Moisiu is the former President of the Republic of (2002-2007). He was born on December 1,1929, in Shkodër.
In 1979, Moisiu received a PhD in military science. From 1981 he was Deputy Minister of Defense until October 1982. In December 1991 he was appointed Minister of Defense in Vilson Ahmeti’s technocratic government. He held that post until April 1992 when the first Government of the Democratic Party, led byAleksander Meksi, was formed.
The new executive invited Moisiu to work as a counselor to the Minister of Defense. Moisiu’s advice was to concentrate the efforts to the reconstruction of the armed forces that were in bad condition, and to start preparations for joining the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). In 1994 he founded the Albanian North Atlantic Association and was elected as its president. On January 24, 1995 he signed an individual association treaty binding Albania with NATO’s Partnership for Peace project. From 1995, Moisiu attended to the VIPs’ courses of the NATO College in Rome.
When the Albanian Socialist Party came to power in 1997, Moisiu lost his post in the Ministry. In the following years, he took an active part in extra-governmental activity, organizing international and all-Albanian conferences where issues of security and defense in South East Europe, armament control and collecting arms from civil persons were discussed.
In 2002, under pressure from international organization, Moisiu was chosen as a consensus candidate for the presidency after the end of Rexhep Meidani’s term. Moisiu was found fitting for that post since he was a researcher, was politically neutral, was known as an effective mediator (a quality much appreciated in Albania, which tends to inner quarrels) and had a decisive pro-Western and NATO orientation.
Moisiu was elected by the People’s Assembly by a vote of 97 to 19 (with 14 abstentions) and he was sworn in for a five-year term as president on July 24, 2002.
After the constitutional reform of November 1998, politics is mainly the task of the government. Moisiu promised to contribute to the strengthening of parliamentary democracy, the stabilization of the judiciary system and the integration of Albania into Euro-Atlantic structures.